This event comprises four landings in different configurations. Penalties are applied based on the distance from a zero area (know as the "Bingo Box"> which is 2m deep. Penalties for landing short are higher than landing past the zero line. This is to simulate the real world where a landing short of the threshold is more dangerous than landing deep. Additional penalties are be added for abnormal landings and other infringements which include applying power in the landing box, nose wheel first landings and bounces. A full list of the penalties is listed in the official rules.
After the four landings the South African Landing Champion is declared. Provincial colours are also be awarded to top finishers. This is an opportunity for competitors to increase their skills. A forced landing will be simple after practising for this event.
The four landings comprise the following:
See the rules for the detailed requirements and penalties.
The rules and regulations were approved by SAPFA in March 2009 and apply to events organised after 1 May 2009.
By Mary de Klerk
The South African Landing Championships were held last weekend at Brits Airfield out in the North West Province. This is a very popular venue with local Gautengers for many reasons. It is unmanned, the approach is clean and flat, there is plenty of parking space, fuel is on hand, but most importantly the club house always sports a friendly face with a hearty “bord kos” and hot coffee.
This year saw a record entry of 32 participants. The entries comprised five Microlights, seven Virtual Aviators, nine Sportman's Class and eleven Open Class pilots.
The event was directed by the well known and respected aviation stalwart, Deon van den Berg. He was ably supported by Chris Booysen, the current chairman of SAPFA, as Chief Jury, and Jacques Jacobs, the infamous International Judge in the position of Chief Landing Judge. Antony Russell was the video judge.
Aircraft started arriving on Friday 3rd July from 12H00. A briefing was held and twice world champion lander, Ron Stirk, and Jan Hanekom, briefed the competitors on how to execute the kind of landings required for this competition.
The “bingo box” was set up on Runway 02 and a team of marshals was on hand to assist competitors with their practice landings.
The competitors are required to do 2 x 4 kinds of landings:
1. Normal Powered Approach using Flaps
2. Powered Approach over a 2m Barrier 50m before the landing line
3. Glide Approach from 1000’ abeam the threshold using Flaps
4. Glide Approach from 1000’ abeam the threshold using no Flaps.
Each competitor is allowed to drop the score of his/her worst landing and the winner will be the competitor with the lowest score.
The landing box spans 80m in length and is set up with painted lines 1m apart. The Bingo Line is 2m wide and the objective is to put the main wheels down on the Bingo Line and thereby incur zero penalties. Landing short of the line is very expensive as far as penalties go, but landing after the line less so.
Competition day dawned and brought with it a healthy cross wind from the North East. After the briefing, the competition got under way at about 09H00. Aircraft were sent off in batches of 4 with the Microlights setting the pace.
Early on in the day, it was easy to see that the wind was going to be a huge challenge. By midday it proved too much for the Microlights when Roel Jansen arrived gracefully doing the dreaded “goose step”. This is where one tyre digs into the tar and sets up a series of side waddling oscillations which tend to grow with each step. It is pretty much unrecoverable, and in Roel’s case ended up in a slow motion forward tilt onto his nose with no damage to him and minimal to his craft. The 911 Ambulance was fast on the scene but fortunately was not required. I think the spectators needed more attention than the pilot. After this incident the Microlight section was stopped and results were given from 3 sets of landings already completed. As it happened, Roel ended up in first place in his section.
Even the fixed wing aircraft found the conditions quite challenging, but fortunately there were no further incidents and all landed safely. It was very encouraging to see that lots of newcomers to the sport were brave enough to take on the challenge and improve their skills. As Ron Stirk said “It matters not whether you come first or last, what matters is that you have participated, and at the end of today, you will have improved your landing skills”. It was particularly good practice for the 3 pilots, Hans Schwebel, Ron Stirk and Mary de Klerk, leaving on 11th July to compete in the World Precision Flying Championships in Poland.
Back in the clubhouse, there was a hive of activity with an entire section cordoned off to accommodate that elite group of aviators flying their virtual machines. This talented group of Virtual Aviators fly in exactly the same conditions as the actual ones do, except indoors on a computer. “This is no mean task” says Hans Schwebel, the current SA Landing Champion, who tried his hand at landing virtually, “it is extremely challenging to fly these virtual aircraft and it requires an enormous amount of skill”. Freek Stegman, the Chairman of the Association of Virtual Aviation of South Africa, says that Virtual Aviation is a growing sport not only in South Africa, but worldwide. “With the costs of flying aeroplanes becoming so prohibitive, we are finding more and more aviators supporting their sport by training virtually. We also have a groundswell of youth entering the sport, which is very encouraging indeed.”
The Prize giving was held in the clubhouse and the results were as follows:
1st Postion - Andre Potgieter - ZV-CCO
2nd Position - Dave Burger - ZV-DHP
3rd Position - Freek Stegman - ZV-GFS
1st Junior - Kyle Kunz
1st Postion - Roel Jansen - AZP
2nd Position - C Botha - KCB
3rd Position - J van den Berg - BUD
1st Postion - M van Niekerk - MJM
2nd Position - M Rodger - IYW
3rd Position - S Pretorius - CXY
1st Postion - Hans Scwebel - IWD
2nd Position - Jonty Esser - EIL
3rd Position - Jan Hanekom - JAD
|Pos||Pilot||A/c Reg||1||2||3||4||Round 1||1||2||3||4||Round 2||Drop
|5||M de Klerk||KNH||14||48||70||18||150||14||12||8||15||49||70||129|
……and the 2008 South African Landing Champion is…….(drumroll….) WALTER WALLE!!!!
So who is Walter Walle?
This young man hails from Germany. He started his flying career in Bloemfontein by winching gliders and soon progressed to flying gliders. He spent twenty years instructing on Glider Flying, four of which he acted as CFI and seven as Chairman of the Bloemfontein Flying Club.
It was at a Rally in Bloem sometime back in 1991 that Walter and his Navigator were first spotted on the radar when they won the event in their Superfalke Motor Glider. This was the beginning of Walter’s competitive flying career. The late, Andre Fourie, suggested that if ever he wanted to achieve his Protea colours, he would have to get his PPL. This Walter did in a heartbeat at the tender age of 60, and then set about his ambition to wear a Green Blazer. His high level of aviation, absolute commitment, and dedication to the sport earned him his first Green Blazer in 2003, when he represented South Africa at the World Rally Championships which were held in Sun City. South Africa won this event. It did not stop there – he went on to earn his Green Blazer for Precision Flying in 2004 and again in 2008 he will soon be flying the flag in Austria when South Africa competes at the World Championships in July.
About 3 years ago, SAPFA introduced a new discipline into the Sport of Aviation. This took the form of a Landing Championship. The objective here is to open the window of opportunity for pilots from around the country to achieve their Provincial Colours. Every pilot HAS to land – this is not an option, so why not get good at it? Those of you who have ever had the misfortune of running out of options in the air, and have had to put down very quickly in a field or on a road, will testify to the fact that the ability to land safely in a short space over an obstacle can be a real blessing.
At a Landing Competition you are required to do 4 basic landings being:
1. Power Approach using flaps
2. Glide Approach using flaps
3. Glide Approach without flaps
4. Obstacle Landing over a 2m barrier 50 m from the touchdown point.
These are all relatively simple and “all in a days’ work” for the average pilot…..but….the challenge does not come in HOW you land but WHERE you land. The runway has been pre-marked with a Landing Box consisting of a 2m wide Landing Line (Bingo) and 1 – 5 m Markings before and after the Bingo Line. Ascending penalties are awarded the further away from the Bingo Line that the main gear touches down.
Ideally you want to get “4 Bingos” to achieve a Zero Score. This is however not always as easy as it seems and does take a lot of practice.
This year the Championships, held in Brits, attracted nearly 30 aviators from various disciplines. The competition was a one day affair on Saturday on 21 June 2008 but arrangements had been made for the South African Protea Flying Team to be at the venue on Friday as a practice day. One of the first to arrive was CC Pocock who had decided to make a weekend of the event. CC was determined to use
his bush pilot experience to do well in the competition. Much to his dismay, every tactic he used was against the rules of the competition and was banned by the organisers. In addition, just because of his reputation he was placed in the Open Class even though it was his first competition.
The rain in the early morning did not deter the competitive spirit. The Competition is divided into following classes:
1. Open – 12 Entries. It is from this class that Provincial Colours are awarded for attaining a certain percentage in the overall Score
2. Sportsmans – 3 Entries. The is the Entry Level. Medals are awarded but not colours.
3. Microlights – 8 Entries. Medals are awarded but not Colours.
4. Virtual Aviation – 5 Entries. Medals and Provincial Colours are awarded.
Each pilot had to execute 8 landings (2 of each type) and the rules were set to allow competitors to discard the worst landing in each set. This set the stage for some very interesting results…
Provincial Colours were awarded to:
Walter Walle – Orange Free State
Mary de Klerk – Kwa Zulu Natal
Barry de Groot – Kwa Zulu Natal
Many awards were also handed out to the Marshalls who gave so tirelessly of their time. Special mention must be made of Jacques Jacobs who has been heading up the Landing Competition since its inception. He has also been awarded his Green Blazer as a Coach and International Judge for the Protea Flying Team.
Thanks must also go to the following
Competition Director: Deon van den Berg
Chief Landing Judge: Jacques Jacobs
Safety Officer: Andries Ehlers
Jury: Chris Booysen (Jury Boss)
Deon van den Berg
ATC: Mof van Niekerk
The event was sponsored by “Wings ‘n Tracks” so a Big Thanks goes to Barbara & Renier for their generosity.
|3||Mary de Klerk||30|
|4||Barry de Groot||34|
|6||Dale de Klerk||50|
Story by Johan Naude
A cosy fire was crackling in the fireplace, while the organizers of the National Spot Landing Championships discussed the final preparations for the event in the clubhouse of the Bloemfontein Flying Club. The go/no-go depended on two issues. One, will there be enough participants to make it a worthwhile exercise, and two, what will the weather be like.
At that stage we received 14 possible entries, but the weather forecast painted a gloomy picture of snow on the mountains of the Eastern Cape, and a light south-easterly that would bring the cold front to Bloemfontein on late Friday afternoon. But, we decided to push through.
As I was packing to leave my office on the Friday afternoon, I looked out my lovely panoramic window on the ninth floor of the office building. What I saw was black clouds rolling in, and the tree tops were swaying back and forth in the gusty wind. I saw people down in the street clutching their thick wool jackets, and I thought to myself that the competition was never going to happen.
I thought about the guys flying down to Bloem in this poor weather. Do they know what is waiting here for them? And I thought about Walter Walle and his helpers painting the runway markings in this sub-zero temperature. Things didn’t look good at all, so I called the weather office. The sky would be clear by 10:00 but the maximum temperature would be only 11°C. A 6 knot breeze from the south would be blowing right in the face of the pilots on runway one-niner.
And they were right! When I drew back my bedroom curtains early Saturday morning, I realized that it was going to be great weather for flying. I grabbed my cameras and stuff, and off I went to Tempe Airfield just outside Bloemfontein, where old familiar faces were basking in the sun.
I was greeted by Ron Stirk, current world champion, Mary de Klerk, Barry de Groot, Jan Hanekom, Schalk Kotzé and Hans Schwebel from Brits. Local club members Cobus van der Colf, Martin Deysel and Jack Onderstall were eager to give the experts a run for their money. Two participants, Gordon van Wyk and Radies Rademeyer arrived from the gliding club in a motor glider from the opposite side of the airfield. Unfortunately Jack Onderstall had to withdraw due to alternator problems on his Kitfox.
So after the pilots briefing, there were ten participants that were eager to get going. First out was Barry de Groot. From the start it was clear that these guys had put in lots of practice. Mary de Klerk rode the Cessna 152 as if it was a bicycle. Hans Schwebel seems to be looking at the box through a magnifying glass, as he almost hit “bingo” with every landing!
Local first timer, Martin Deysel did quite well with his Samba XL to finish in forth place, before the reigning world champion. Ron didn’t have a good day behind the stick, finishing in sixth position.
All kinds of confusion broke loose when the two glider pilots in the same aircraft swopped control during flight, and nobody on the ground knew who was in command at what time. The judges had to rely on radio comms and video replays to determine their individual scores.
According to Walter Walle, there were four bingo hits during the day. We saw excellent flying skills displayed throughout the day.
To round off the event, Jack Onderstall gave us a display in his self built Glassair that earned him the trophy of best home built aircraft in 2005. Zooming past at almost 450km/hour at 20’ above the runway, and then shooting up at an unbelievable angle really made all the slow flyers envious
Then it was decision time. The judges went ‘in-camera’ or is it ‘under cover’ for almost an hour, while everybody else watched on the big screen how the Free State Cheetahs demolished the WP guys on home turf only a few kilos away.
And then, in typical Free State style, the day was ended with a braai at the clubhouse. A beautiful trophy was handed to Hans Schwebel. It was a very chilly but fun filled day. On behalf of the Bloemfontein Flying Club, I want to thank all the participants who braved the cold to come and be part of this event.
|2||Mary de Klerk||CMJ||Jabiru||21||16||4||39||80|
|3||Barry de Groot||IWD||C150||15||12||46||9||82|
|4||Martin Detsel||CVA||Classic 150||70||46||0||36||152|
|6||Ron Stirk||CVA||Classic 150||28||150||0||28||206|
|9||Gordon van Wyk||CVA||Classic 150||49||150||150||200||549|
|10||Cobus van der Colff||IWD||C150||45||200||200||400||845|
The competition was run along the same lines as the landing section of the World Precision Flying Championships and comprised four different landings viz a normal landing, two glide approaches, one flapless and a normal landing with a two meter barrier 50 meters before the landing box.
A number of potential competitors and organisers could not make it to Tempe as the weather conditions along the coast from George to Durban were terrible, with low cloud and rain. Walter Walle had to give up his place as competitor to assist Hennie Stander and Jacques Jacobs with the organisation and scoring.
The landings are scored using a sophisticated “Bingo Box” that has a series of tubes across the runway linked to a control box that registers the point that the wheels first touch. Visual scoring is also necessary to detect abnormal landings, bounces and other events requiring penalties.
Weather conditions were very difficult for the event. There was wind and also a great deal of turbulence with up and down drafts.
There were only fourteen entries including an unofficial entry of a gyro. Numbers were low as the event was not well advertised. It was probably also held far too late into the year with most pilots thinking of Christmas holidays (or all the work that needed to be finished before the end of the year). There was an interesting selection of aircraft from a Bonanza to a Yak 52.
Competition was expected to be stiff with the current World Landing Champion, Ron Stirk expected to be the man to beat. There were five competitors that had been part of the Protea team that competed in France.
After the first landing (normal landing with the use of power, if needed) Ron knew he would not have it all his way. Ron scored 42 penalties and Hans Schwebel and Lucas Wiese performed good landings with 7 and 14 points respectively.
The second landing is a glide approach with the use of flaps permitted. After the second landing newcomer Schalk Kotze gave notice that he would be a serious contender for the gold medal. His landing was only 2 meters after the landing box resulting in 4 penalties. This feat was equalled by Mary de Klerk. Hans and Lucas maintained their positions as the top two pilots.
Then came the third landing, this time a glide approach with the use of flaps not permitted. With glide approaches the power is cut on downwind, abeam the threshold at 100ft. The use of power after that is not permitted (except of course for a go-around). Lucas missed the full landing box and incurred 150 penalty points. This put him out of medal contention. By this time the medal positions were becoming more obvious with Hans, Schalk, Mary and Ron all having good landings. Hans would have to have a bad final landing if someone was going to take the gold medal from him.
The final landing was the barrier landing. While the barrier does not interfere with a normal landing approach, it does psychologically. Frank Eckard and Jan Hanekom decided to show the participants how it should be done. Both hit the “Bingo” line and scored the only two zeros for the day. If only they had practised more! Once again the top contenders all had reasonable landings.
Gold went to Hans Schwebel, Silver to Schalk Kotze and Silver to Ron Stirk. Mary de Klerk in 4th position had the same score as Ron but a countdown starting with the more difficult landing gave Ron the medal.
As usual the Free State hospitality was excellent and the prize-giving function was a fun affair. Apart from the medals the top five competitors were awarded Provincial Flying Colours for complying with the requirements laid down by SAPFA.
|4||Mary de Klerk||CVA||Classic 150||77||4||12||56||149|
|6||Jan Hanekom||CVA||Classic 150||77||150||20||0||247|
|9||Hugo Stark||CVA||Classic 150||39||80||150||70||339|
|12||Johan la Grange||MTR||C210||200||100||200||105||605|
|13||Cobus vd Colf||BFJ||Yak||105||150||40||400||695|
|14||Philipus Smith||EGK||Magni Gyro||200||150||200||400||950|